Gum Disease

Some people who experience gum inflammation are not aware of its alarming effect if left untreated. The inflammation of the gum, which if taken for granted and without its early treatment can adversely develop a gum disease that can affect the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth. Gum disease comesfrom bacteria that impair not only the gums surrounding a tooth but also the tissues that connect the bone structure below the gums. This impairment of the tissues and bone will loosen the tooth from the gums, which is a serious threat to most adults. There are three stages of gum disease from the least to the most severe. Gum disease in the early, first stage is called gingivitis. When left untreated, this would lead to the second stage called periodontitis. The most severe stage is called advanced periodontitis.

The primary causes of gum disease are bacteria formed from a plaque built on the surface of the tooth due to poor dental habits. These bacteria inflame the gums, which causes irritation and bleeding while brushing the teeth. Bleeding of the gums is one of the signs of gingivitis. In this early stage, the gums are not yet irritated, the teeth still firmly hold to their sockets and the bones and other tissues of the gums are still permanent and unalterable.  However, there are otherfactors that contribute to the development of periodontal disease, including:

Hormonal Changes

Gum inflammation is more sensitive during pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and monthly menstruation, that when gum issues occur at these times, gingivitis is easier to develop.


Illnesses lower the immune system of a sick person, and the condition of the gums is not excluded from this effect. These illnesses that obstruct the immune system include cancer and HIV.

Since diabetes affects the body’s ability to use blood sugar, patients with this disease are also at higher risk of emergent infections, including periodontal disease and cavities.


Some medications affect oral health because of its side effect of reducing the flow of saliva that protects the teeth and the gums. Medications that can cause abnormal growth to gum tissue are anticonvulsant medication, Dilantin, and the anti-angina drug Procardia and Adalat.

Bad Habits

Smoking is a bad habit that hinders the gum tissue to repair itself.

Poor Oral Hygiene Habits

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12925 El Camino Real
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San Diego, CA 92130

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